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acētumn(genitiveacētī);second declension

Proto-Slavic:*oct

aceō(present infinitiveacēre,perfect activeacuī);(of wine)I amsour.

vinegar

  • Italian:aceto

agerm(genitiveagrī);second declension

agnus agni agno agnum agno agne

  • Francogallice:agneaumasc.
  • Graeca Antiqua:ἀμνός(amnos,m.)
  • Cognates includeAncient Greekἀμνός(amns),Old Church Slavonicѧ(agnę),Old Englishēanian(Englishyean), andAlbanianenj.

altarm(pluralaltars)

FromOld Norsealtari, fromOld Saxonaltari, fromLatinaltare(“altar”), cognate withDanishalter(“altar”).

amorm(genitiveamōris)

angulusm(genitiveangulī);

FromProto-Indo-European*h₂engulos(“joint?”). Cognates includeSanskritअङ्गुरि(aṅgri,“finger, toe”),Ancient Greekἀγκύλος(anklos,“crooked, curved”),Old High Germanenchil(“ankle, joint”),IcelandicekkjaandOld Church Slavonicѫ(ǫgŭlŭ,“angle”).

bonus(femininebona,neuterbonum,comparativemelior,superlativeoptimusoroptumus,adverbbene)

campānaf(genitivecampānae);first declension

Bulgarian:

caputn(genitivecapitis);third declension

carrūcaf(genitivecarrūcae);first declension

Fromcarrus, probably fromTransalpine Gaulish.

FromGaulish*karros, fromProto-Celtic*karros(“wagon”), fromProto-Indo-European*ḱr̥ss, zero-grade form of*ḱers-(“to run”). Cognate withPersianگاری‎(gri).Doubletofcurrus.

casaf(genitivecasae);first declension

FromProto-Italic*kastrom, fromProto-Indo-European*ḱes-(“to cut, cut off, separate”)(Watkins, 1969). An older etymology (1899) derivedcastrumfrom Latincasa, and proposed an ultimate etymon from a Sanskrit root (sic)*skad-, "to cover". If directly fromProto-Indo-European*ḱ(e)strm, cognate withSanskritशस्त्र(śastrm-, śstram-,“cutting tool, knife, weapon”).[1]See alsocastrō,careō.

castellumn(genitivecastellī);second declension

castranpl(genitivecastrōrum);second declension

Synonyms:aedēs,domus,domicilium,habitātiō,mānsiō,sēdēs,tēctum

castaneaf(genitivecastaneae);first declension

cēnsorm(genitivecēnsōris);third declension

cēnseō(present infinitivecēnsēre,perfect activecēnsuī,supinecēnsum);second conjugation

cēnsūraf(genitivecēnsūrae);first declension

census Borrowed fromLatincēnsus, fromcēnseō. Seecensor.

centēsimus(femininecentēsima,neutercentēsimum);first/second-declensionnumeral

centum(indeclinable)

FromProto-Italic*kentom, fromProto-Indo-European*ḱm̥tm. Formal cognates includeSanskritशत(śata),Old Church Slavonic(sŭto), andOld Englishhund(whenceEnglishhundred, with an attached suffix).

cedi(presentcedas,pastcedis,futurecedos,conditionalcedus,volitivecedu)

Borrowed fromMiddle Frenchceder, fromOld Frenchceder, fromLatincēdō(“to yield”), fromProto-Indo-European*ḱyesdʰ-(“to drive away; to go away”).

cēdō(present infinitivecēdere,perfect activecessī,supinecessum);third conjugation

Proto-Italic verb as fromProto-Indo-European*ḱye, adverb from*ḱe(“here”), +*sed-(“to sit”). Compare the semantics ofEnglishset outand Ancient Greekὁδός(hods).

centuriō(present infinitivecenturiāre,perfect activecenturiāvī,supinecenturiātum);first conjugation

ceresiaf(genitiveceresiae);first declension

From the neuter plural ofLate Latinceresium, fromcerasium, fromAncient Greekκεράσιον(kersion,“cherry”), fromAncient Greekκερασός(kerass,“bird cherry”), and ultimately possibly ofAnatolianorigin.

  • caerimōnium
  • cerimōnia(medieval)

Romans folk-etymologized this word as if coming from the name of the city ofCaere.

FromEtruscan

chorus(pluralchorusesorchorussesorchori)

circulusm(genitivecirculī);second declension

circulus circuli circulo

circusm(genitivecircī);second declension

FromAncient Greekκίρκος(krkos,“circle, ring”), related toκρίκος(krkos,“ring”).

circus cirki circo

circuitiōf(genitivecircuitiōnis);third declension

Italian:cerco

circum

circum

Ancient Greekκίρκος(krkos,“circle, ring”), related toκρίκος(krkos,“ring”).

citharaf(genitivecitharae);first declension

fromAncient Greekκιθάρα(kithra)

cōgitātiōf(genitivecōgitātiōnis);third declension

cōgitō(present infinitivecōgitāre,perfect activecōgitāvī,supinecōgitātum);first conjugation

agitō(present infinitiveagitāre,perfect activeagitāvī,supineagitātum);first conjugation

āctus(feminineācta,neuterāctum);first/second-declensionparticiple

colō(present infinitivecolere,perfect activecoluī,supinecultum);third conjugation

Cognates includeAncient Greekπέλω(plō),πόλος(plos),τέλλω(tllō),τέλος(tlos),τῆλε(tle),πάλαι(plai),κύκλος(kklos),Sanskritचरति(crati),Englishwheel.

conclavem(pluralconclavi)

FromProto-Italic*klāwis. Either a secondaryi-stemderivation of theProto-Indo-European*kleh₂u-(“nail, pin, hook - instruments, of old use for locking doors”)which gave also Latinclāvus(“nail”), an inherited Indo-European word originally denoting an instrument for unlocking doors, or a loanword from dialectalAncient Greek*κλᾱϝίς(*klāws)(Classicalκλείς(kles))

clāvisf(genitiveclāvis);third declension

conplexusm(genitiveconplexūs);fourth declension

con plectō(present infinitiveplectere,perfect activeplexī,supineplexum);third conjugation

conpositiōf(genitiveconpositiōnis);third declension

Fromcon-+‎positiō. In at least some senses, acalqueofAncient Greekσύνθεσις(snthesis).

cōnscientiaf(genitivecōnscientiae);first declension

Fromcōnsciēns(“conscious”)+‎-ia, acalqueofAncient Greekσυνείδησις(sunedēsis).

corn(genitivecordis);third declension

FromProto-Italic*kord, fromProto-Indo-European*ḱḗr~*ḱr̥d-. Cognate withAncient Greekκαρδίᾱ(kardā),Gothic̷̰̹͉͂̈́(hairtō),Sanskritहृदय(hṛdaya),Hittite↠⅕(kir),Old Church Slavonic(sĭrdĭce).

Cosarm(indeclinable)

  1. (Medieval Latin)Khazar

Arabicخَزَر‎(ḵazar),Byzantine GreekΧάζαροι(Khzaroi),Hebrewכּוּזָרִים‎(Kuzarim),Old Armenianխազիր(xazir),Old East Slavic(kozarinŭ),Persianخزر‎(xazar),Russiań(xazr),Tatarәә(xzr),TurkishHazar, etc.

Cosacusm(genitiveCosacī,feminineCosaca);second declension

FromPolishKozak, and sometimes fromSerbo-CroatianKzākandHungariankozk, fromUkrainiań(kozk).

costaf(genitivecostae);first declension

FromProto-Indo-European*kost-(compareOld Church Slavonic(kostĭ), Middle Persian[Term?](kust)); compare*h₃ost-, whenceos(“bone”)

cultorm(genitivecultōris,femininecultrīx

cultus(feminineculta,neutercultum,comparativecultior,superlativecultissimus)

cultura fromLatincultūra(“culture”), fromcultus, perfect passive participle ofcolō

cruxf(genitivecrucis);third declension

FromProto-Italic*kruksor*krukis(it is uncertain whether the original form was ani-stem), of unknown origin. Pokorny connectedProto-Indo-European*(s)ker-(“to turn, to bend”)with an assumed extension in*-k-; compare Latincircus(“circle”)andcurvus(“curve”)

FromFrenchculte, fromLatincultus(“care, adoration; cult”), fromcolō

FromLatincolossus, fromAncient Greekκολοσσός(kolosss).

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:Latin_nouns

Dictionnaire Latin Francais

https://www.grand-dictionnaire-latin.com/

Dizionario Latino Italiano

https://www.dizionario-latino.com/




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1. leonleonovpom2 - , !
30.05.2022 08:37
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2. panazea - , ! . .
30.05.2022 10:40
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